April 2, 2015
Inspired By Grandpa, Man Treads The Trace Of Daniel Boone
By BRUCE SCHREINER
Fort Boonesborough, KY (AP) Inspired by his own family’s pioneering roots in the Kentucky wilderness, Curtis Penix walked nearly 240 miles through arduous Appalachian terrain, to follow in the footsteps of frontiersman Daniel Boone.
The Michigan steel mill worker, toting a 40-pound backpack, completed his 16-day journey Thursday following the path known as Boone Trace, which Boone and his band of axe men had carved out in March and April 1775. Penix’s trek started in Tennessee, wound into Virginia and took him to hallowed ground in Kentucky, Fort Boonesborough, which was built after Boone and men finished the trail. The path became an important early artery for settlers heading westward.
``The American dream started on this road,’’ the 46-year-old Penix said.
His trip was inspired by his fifth-great grandfather, Joshua Penix, who followed Boone Trace on his way to Fort Boonesborough.
``This is where Grandpa Joshua came in 1779,’’ Penix said. ``So he would have been right here somewhere in this little area.’’
His ancestor did quite well for himself in the frontier. He eventually acquired 1,400 acres near Paris in central Kentucky, but later parceled it off and sold it, Penix said. Joshua Penix eventually became a plantation owner in Virginia.
Curtis Penix started his own journey on March 10 near Kingsport, Tennessee the same place where Boone’s group left in March 1775. Penix followed the famous frontiersman’s route into Virginia and through Cumberland Gap into Kentucky.
The Boone Trace Valley, part of the orginal trace
During his adventure, Penix slept outside, crossed rivers on foot, trudged through rain and mud and endured blistered feet.
After five days of traveling alone, Penix was joined by walking companion Givan Fox, 42, near the Virginia-Kentucky border. Fox’s father, John, is president of Friends of Boone Trace, a nonprofit group that hopes to preserve the historic route as a hiking trail and a memorial to the pioneers.
Among those welcoming Penix and Givan Fox on their arrival was Donna Jones, who said some of her ancestors were among the settlers at Fort Boonesborough. Their names are among those etched on a monument honoring the pioneers.
``Anybody that would spend this many days to get here certainly has an understanding of what our ancestors did to make all of this available to us now,’’ Jones said. ``I just think that’s a wonderful for someone to do, to raise our level of awareness.’’
At the start of his trip, Penix said, he was determined to ``rough it,’’ just like the pioneers.
On his first day, he waded across seven streams and rivers on foot, including one that was knee deep.
``I quickly found out that by getting your feet wet and then continuing to walk, you could get what the pioneers called `scalded feet,’’’ he said.
The foot blisters were enough to dissuade him from river crossings and onto bridges.
He endured steady rain during his first four days. At the end of one day, he started shivering uncontrollably, he said.
``Rather than end my trip there, I bit the bullet and I decided to stop in at a motel and dry off and warm up,’’ he said. ``That was kind of a low point. I had tried to do this . . . just like Grandpa Joshua did. Sleeping under the stars, fording the rivers, carrying all my own food.’’
His attitude changed after a park ranger told him the pioneers stopped at settlements for food, warm places to sleep and to resupply before reaching the Kentucky wilderness. After that, he said, he accepted the generosity of people offering meals and places to sleep, including carports and garages.
With help from historical groups, Penix charted the most faithful route for his journey. Penix said he got lost just once, on a Virginia mountainside.
He estimated about 60 percent of his trip was on roads and the rest through woodlands or fields. While the early pioneers faced dangers from Indians, Penix’s biggest threat was vehicles on roads that lacked shoulders to walk on.
``When a large truck would come by, we had this little technique where we would lean (on their walking sticks) into the ditch and away from the road, just long enough for them to go by, and then we’d pop back out on the road,’’ he said.
Amber Penix embraced her father Thursday and teasingly told him: ``You don’t smell too bad.’’
``I can’t wait to sit down,’’ Penix said after being greeted by family and other supporters. ``I haven’t had a soft chair in a long time. Physically, I feel fine. I feel like any other day I would get up for work. ... I could keep going if I wanted. But I don’t want to.’’
This Week In The Civil War: March 29 & April 5
By The Associated Press
This Week in The Civil War for Sunday, March 29: Fall of Richmond, Virginia, seat of Confederacy.
The forces of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee reached the breaking point this week 150 years ago in the Civil War. Lee ordered infantry and cavalry units to hold a key defensive line at Five Forks, Virginia, only to come under withering Union attack.
Union forces took many prisoners as they beat back Lee’s forces and soon cut off Lee’s only remaining supply line for the Confederacy to Petersburg and nearby Richmond, Virginia, seat of the Confederacy. News reports of the week recalled bloody combat and thousands of Confederates taken prison as the Southern troops were rapidly becoming demoralized.
The dire turn of events forced Lee to inform Jefferson Davis that both cities would have to be evacuated and the Petersburg-Richmond siege lines abandoned.
After a hasty Confederate evacuation begun on April 2, 1865, Union troops entered Richmond the next day. ``Richmond and Petersburg Taken!’’ blared the New York Tribune in bold headlines in its April 4, 1865, edition. It added: ``Colored Troops the First to Enter the Slaveholders’ Capital ... THE REBELS LEAVE IN HASTE. Gen. Grant Attempting to Cut Off Lee’s Escape.’’
That same day, President Abraham Lincoln would visit the city, greeted by jubilant former slaves. Lee’s surrender would only be a matter of days.
This Week in The Civil War for Sunday, April 5: Lee Surrenders.
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered this week 150 years ago in the Civil War, after four years of bloodshed that had claimed hundreds of thousands of lives. After days of fighting and fleeing had left his forces haggard, hungry and surrounded, Lee surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia on April 9, 1865, to the Union’s Ulysses S. Grant at the McLean House at Appomattox Court House.
Grant allowed for the parole of the Confederate officers and enlisted men but said all weapons and war equipment would be surrendered. The end of Lee’s fighting force came after federal troops had relentlessly pursued and pummeled Lee’s troops westward across the Virginia countryside.
The Associated Press reported the details of the surrender, noting Lee had crossed the Appomattox River and burned bridges, seeking a position away from the river. But Union forces ``attacked them vigorously’’ in the hours before the end, convincing Lee the fight was over.
AP cited accounts as saying ``the road for miles was strewn with broken down wagons, caissons, and baggage of all kinds, presenting a scene seldom witnessed on the part of Lee’s army.’’
AP reported that ``the rank and file of Lee’s army are said to be well satisfied to give up the struggle, believing that they have no hope of success.’’ And AP added that the formal surrender came later at the country home, leaving the Confederates forces `at liberty to proceed to their homes or elsewhere, as they chose.’’